A large city 48 km. (30 miles) SW of Jerusalem, much fought over, which has yielded important discoveries to archaeologists. It was captured by Joshua (Josh. 10:31 f.), rebuilt by Rehoboam according to the Chronicler (2 Chron. 11:5 ff.), captured and destroyed by the Assyrians in 701 BCE (2 Kgs. 18:14; 19:8), and after having been rebuilt destroyed again by the Babylonians (588 BCE; Jer. 34:7). After the Exile some of those returning settled in Lachish (Neh. 11:30).
Among the archaeological finds at Lachish are the ‘Lachish Letters’, fragments of correspondence to the military commander at Lachish, written in black ink on potsherds in elegant Hebrew. They can be very accurately dated and they contain information about conditions in this fortified city and Judah during the time when the Babylonians were attacking both it and Jerusalem (Jer. 34:7).

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  • LACHISH — (Heb. לָכִישׁ), Canaanite and Israelite city, identified with a prominent mound (Ar. Tell ed Duweir) situated to the southeast of Bet Guvrin. The mound was excavated from 1932 to 1938 under the direction of James L. Starkey (with the results… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lachish — ( he. לכיש) was a town located in the Shephelah, or maritime plain of Philistia (Joshua 10:3, 5; 12:11). This town was first mentioned in the Amarna letters as Lakisha Lakiša (EA 287, 288, 328, 329, 335). The Israelites captured and destroyed… …   Wikipedia

  • Lachish —    Impregnable, a royal Canaanitish city in the Shephelah, or maritime plain of Palestine (Josh. 10:3, 5; 12:11). It was taken and destroyed by the Israelites (Josh. 10:31 33). It afterwards became, under Rehoboam, one of the strongest fortresses …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Lachish — Lakish 31° 33′ 54″ N 34° 50′ 58″ E / 31.565, 34.849444 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lachish —    An ancient Palestinian city captured by both the Assyrians and the Babylonians. By the early first millennium b.c. Lachish (modern Tell el Duweir) was the second most important town in the kingdom of Israel. As such it became a target of the… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • LACHISH OSTRACA — LACHISH OSTRACA, a collection of inscribed sherds discovered at lachish by J.L. Starkey . Eighteen were discovered in 1935 in a room adjacent to the city gate, among the ruins of stratum II, which was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia, and …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LACHISH REGION — LACHISH REGION, development region in southern Israel, comprising an area of approximately 275 sq. mi. (750 sq. km.). Stretching from the Mediterranean Coast between Niẓẓanim and the Gaza Strip eastward to the pre 1967 armistice line, the region… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lachish — geographical name city of ancient Palestine W of Hebron …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Lachish — /lay kish/, n. a Canaanite city captured by Joshua: now an archaeological site in Israel. * * * …   Universalium

  • Lachish — /lay kish/, n. a Canaanite city captured by Joshua: now an archaeological site in Israel …   Useful english dictionary

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